ISRO Yuvika FAQ's

Dear Readers/Freinds and Students in regard to ISRO's Prestigious outreach program for Students our organization has been large number of queries.. Hence here is the excerpt from ISRO official documents to assist you. 

Young Scientist Programme 2020
(Yuvika - 2020)
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1. Who are eligible for the programme?
Students who have completed 8th Standard and currently studying in 
9
th Standard (Academic year 2019-20, from ICSE, CBSE and State 
Syllabus) are eligible for the programme
2. Where I need to send the applications?
The selection will be done through online registration. There is no 
registration fee involved. The interested students can register online 
through ISRO website www.isro.gov.in from February 03, 2020 (1700 
hrs) to 24 February 2020 (1800 hrs). The exact link will be available 
on 03 February, 2020 in the ISRO website. There are no other 
agents/agencies involved in selection process, application should be 
made online only and the selection is done by ISRO.
3. I am from Rural area, whether I get Rural student benefit?
To get the Rural student benefit, the school, where you are studying 
should be located in the Block/village Panchayat area and school 
Head Master should certify for it.
4. When is the programme planned ?
The programme will be held from 11 to 22, May 2020. In case of any 
change in the programme schedule, it will be informed later to the 
selected candidates.
5. When and where I need to report ?
The selected candidates will be informed to report to any one centres 
of ISRO/DOS located at Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Shillong or 
Thiruvananthapuram
6. I am in 8th Std now, can I apply?
No
7. I am in 10th Std now, can I apply?
No
8. What is the medium of instruction of the programme?
The medium of instruction is English
9. I am an Overseas Citizen of India. Whether I can apply for the 
programme?
Overseas Citizen of India, who are studying in India in 9th std (during 
the academic year 2019-20) are eligible for the programme. OCI 
certificate issued by Government of India to be uploaded, when it is 
asked to do so. 
10. What is the selection criteria ?
The selection criteria is as mentioned below:

11. Is there any fee to be paid by the candidate to attend the 
programme?
No fee is involved. The selected students will be accommodated in 
ISRO guest houses/hostels. Expenditure towards the travel of student 
(II AC fare by train from nearest Rly Station to the reporting centre 
and back), course material, lodging and boarding etc., during the 
entire course will be borne by ISRO. II AC fare will also be provided 
to one guardian/parent for drop and pick up of student from the 
reporting centre. 
12. Whether my parent/guardian can stay with me in ISRO 
Guesthouse/hostel, if I am selected?
No.
13. Whether a lady ISRO/DOS official will be available in the 
Guesthouse/Hostel, where girl students are accommodated?
Yes.
14. How can I get updates on the programme ?
To know the updates about the programme, please regularly visit 
www.isro.gov.in
 
 

Vyommitra - ISRO Gaganyaan Unmanned Mission

On 23 Jan 2020 Vyomamitra a Robot/Half Humanoid created for Un-Manned Mission to space as part of Gaganyaan Project was presented for people to observe/interact at the inaugural session of the “Human Spaceflight and Exploration – Present Challenges and Future Trends” held in Bengaluru.
Vyomamitra, a combination of two Sanskrit words Vyom (Space) and Mitra (Friend).
“Hello everyone. I am Vyomamitra, the prototype of the half-humanoid, been made for the first unmanned Gaganyaan mission,” the robot said.
Explaining about the role in the mission, she said, “I can monitor crew module parameters, alert you and perform life support operations. I can perform activities like switch panel operations…”

Dr Jitendra Singh Union Minister of State (Ind Charge) for Development of North Eastern Region. MoS PMO, Govt. of India said "In the run up to the first Human Space Mission by India at @isro ... 'Vyommitra', the humanoid for #Gaganyaan unveiled. This prototype of humanoid will go as trial before Gaganyaan goes with Astronauts".








Image Source : ISRO/Times of India

Talking to Indian Express Click an ISRO scientist explained that the primary objective of the robot is to mimic crew activity. “She can also operate switches, and do other activities like replacing carbon-dioxide canisters in case of emergency. Her ability to have seamless interactions with astronauts and ground operations with the help of voice command is another major highlight of this half-humanoid,” the scientist said.

whereas in of its Documents of 2018  ISRO  stated : 
A half Vyomnoid with Sensing and perception of surroundings with 3D vision and
Dexterous manipulative abilities to carry out defined crew functions in an unmanned
mission or assist crew in manned missions. Design & Realization of FULL Vyomnoid with
features that include full autonomy with 3D vision, dynamically controlled movement in
zero ‘g’, Artificial Intelligence / Machine Learning enabled real-time decision making with
vision optimization and path planning algorithms.

Develop state-of-the-art technologies for
1. sensing & perception
2. Dexterous manipulation
3. Hierarchical Control system
4. Artificial Intelligence enabled algorithms


NASA/SPACEX – Unmanned Test 19 Jan 2020 – 8.30 p.m. - Watch Live

 Today SpaceX 19th Jan 2020 8.30pm SPACEX plans to do an “in-flight test of Crew Dragon’s launch escape capabilities” from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida.. This Launch was planned to be conducted on 17 Jan but was postponed due to weather conditions at launch center. This Year in March 2020 a manned mission with astronauts is scheduled.
Hence today 19 Jan 2020 today “in-flight test” SPACEX wants to demonstrate how in a unlikely event of an emergency during a real launch the crew system will be protected and carry astronauts to safety detached from the launch vehicle.

What will happen today? ANIMATION: Interestingly a real Falcon 9 Launch Vehicle with “Crew Dragon” spacecraft will be purposefully failed and the crew dragon will separate from the launch vehicle called “Falcon 9”. Here is the ANIMATION of what exactly will happen today https://youtu.be/OtcnBSsjHmk  . “Crew Dragon” is name of the spacecraft with ability to carry upto Seven People and planned to be used by NASA as part of Commercial Contract with SPACEX. 

HOW TO WATCH LIVE: If launch is not postponed you can watch this live CLICK here 8.30 pm 19 Jan 2020 onwards https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mhrkdHshb3E

Why it’s important?  This test LIVE ON YOUTUBE AT 19 Jan 2020 8.30pm is a unmanned mission i.e. does not have NASA astronauts onboard the spacecraft but will demonstrate the spacecraft “Crew Dragon” escape capabilities. That is today test will prove that in a unlikely event of an emergency during a real launch the crew system can protect and carry astronauts to safety detached from the launch vehicle. Here is official NASA Release on the test https://go.nasa.gov/2uYT9jr.

Gaganyaan – Is it important for us – India Pad Abort Test 2018 July 5th :  as you are already aware of Gaganyaan Mission of ISRO .. in July 2018 ISRO also conducted a “Pad Abort Test” see the video here https://youtu.be/zNpGv0lcLJI . So today launch though not directly imp for us but any experiment in space that to when related to Human Space Flight is important to observe. This yearend 2020 ISRO also plans to conduct a Unamanned launch of GSLV MKIII with its own “Crew Module” as a preparation for Gaganyaaan. SPACEX conducted there Pad Abort Test in 6th May 2015.
  

ISRO GSAT 30 Launch 2.35 a.m. 17 Jan 2020 - Ariane-5/Arianespace

Today (17 Jan) Early morning hours at 2.35 a.m. ISRO's "GSAT-30 satellite" a 3357 kg communication satellite is scheduled for launch through a European launch vehicle called "Ariane-5" (VA 251) from French Guiana on January 17, 2020 at 0235 hrs IST. Details of launch and Satellite can be understood through this 5 mins video released by ISRO https://youtu.be/NmCC_1s4a28 Here is the link to watch this launch live broadcast from 2 a.m. 17 Jan 2020 on Launch agency "Arianespace Youtube Channel" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l0oRWrINDHo Along with GSAT 30 in the same launch vehicle another Satellite called EUTELSAT KONNECT belonging to Eutelsat Company will also be launched. This Satellite belongs to Eutelsat Company which is the worlds third-largest Satellite Operator. Eutelsat's satellites across the world are used for broadcasting by nearly 7,000 television stations, of which 1,400 are in HD, and 1,100 radio stations to over 274 million cable and satellite homes.

GSAT-30 update 20 Jan 2020 :
After the injection of GSAT-30 communication satellite into an elliptical Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) on January 17, 2020, all the three orbit raising manoeuvers have been completed successfully as planned using the satellite's propulsion system.
The cumulative duration of operation of the propulsion system for these manuoeuvres is 2 hours 29 minutes.

The satellite solar panels and antennas have been deployed and the satellite is placed in an orbit with a perigee (nearest point from Earth) of 35, 826 km and an apogee (farthest point from Earth) of 35,913 km with an inclination of 0.11 deg which is very close to its operational orbit.

First Eclipse of Year and Decade - Penumbral Lunar Eclipse 10/11 Jan 2020

The First Eclipse of the year a Lunar eclipse termed scientifically as “Penumblar Lunar Eclipse” will occur on 10th January 2020 from 10.36 p.m. to 2.44 a .m. on 11 Jan 2020 but unnoticeable to bare eyes. Even watching with binoculars, telescopes will not make much difference. Why is it unnoticeable and other details watch this interview. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4NwwQpRt54Y
This is first of Six Eclipses which will occur this year i.e. Two Solar Eclipses (on 21 June, on 14 Dec) and Four Lunar Eclipses (on 10Jan, 5June, 5July, 30Nov) will occur.
However, the Solar Eclipse on 21 June is the only one visible in India that too in its partial phases while the rest of five Eclipses of 2020 are unnoticeable or not visible. 10th Jan –Eclipse for Rituals: Though PSI can’t comment or suggest about Eclipse Rituals we have observed historically or generally, only the Umbra phase is considered as actual eclipse by the general public to follow various rituals and traditions since ages. Whereas unnoticeable Penumbra passage of moon from earth’s lighter shadow without any darkening of Moon was never considered.


Lunar Eclipse Occurs on 10 Jan – Why Not Noticeable? : Scientifically speaking the phenomena of “Lunar Eclipse” will occur on 10th Jan 2020. However, it’s not noticeable to the naked eye because the moon passes through lighter outer shadow (penumbra) of Earth and no notable darkening can be witnessed.


Whereas if Moon was to pass through darker shadow (umbra) people would have witnessed darkening of Moon with bare eyes. (Please see explanation/notes below about eclipse, umbra, and penumbra).

Earth at Closest Point To Sun 5 Jan 2020 - Perihelion

Today at 1.07pm Noon 5th Jan 2020 Planet Earth reached closest point it can get to Sun in its annual elliptical orbit around Sun at 0.9832436 AU i.e 14,70,91,149 km from Sun for 2020. Astronomically this is phenomena is known as “Perihelion”. 


Whereas on 4th  July 2020 Earth will be at Aphelion at 1.0166943 AU (15,20,95,302 km) from Sun i.e. it will be at farthest point from Sun. In other words Earth tomorrow will be 50,04,153 km closer to earth compared to 4th  July 2020.   Though people cannot observe this event. 

This event is of greatest importance with educational potential for students and public to understand to remove general misconception relating to weather.

Distance not Reason for Season: Commonly it is believed that Distance of Earth to Sun decides the season or temperature on earth. However it is  not  true.  Actually axial tilt (approx. 23.5 Degree) of Earth on its axis while revolving around Sun regulates seasons on planet Earth with one of the Hemisphere facing away or towards Sun.

Evidence/Example: It may be noted when Earth is closest to Sun at beginning of year
2020 its cold with winter in India & most of countries in Northern Hemisphere. Whereas it’s summer in Southern Hemisphere countries.

Also in July when Earth is at farthest point from Sun it’s mostly hot in India compared to what it is January. This clearly shows Distance of Earth to Sun doesn’t decide the Season but its tilt.

Annular Solar Eclipse 26 Dec 2019 India


One of the rare celestial event of the decade an astronomical phenomenon of Annular Solar Eclipse will occur in India on 26 December 2019. This Eclipse is named as “Annular Solar Eclipse”. Though annularity phase of Eclipse is visible only in few parts of Southern India it visible in Partial Phase all over India. Across the world this Eclipse is visible in the region covering Middle East, North Eastern Africa, Asia except North& Eastern Russia, North and Western Australia, Solomon Island.

Timings across world and Approximate time across India:  across the world the Eclipse in Various Phases occurs between 8.00 a.m. IST (2.30 a.m. UTC) to 13.35 p.m. IST (8.05 a.m. UTC). Whereas in India depending on the location of a Person from Central path of the Eclipse its between 8.03 a.m. to 11.43 a.m. Whereas Greatest Eclipse ie. When eclipse at maximum with moon obscuring sun will occur between 9.17 a.m. to 10.13 a.m depending on location of observer India.

North to South – West to East – Approximate Percentage – Eclipse visible time: On 26 Dec when eclipse it at maximum depending on their location from Central path of Eclipse people from Leh to Major parts of Southern India or from Western most part of India Dwaraka to Dibrugarth in the East will notice 33% to 92% of Sun obscured by Moon between 8.03 a.m. to 11.43 a.m.

Appearance Of Sun- Greatest/Maximum Time on 26 Dec – Depending on Location: Between 9.17 am to 10.12 am across India when the eclipse is at maximum for an observer in his location. The Sun will appear like ranging from Crescent to Quarter or half obscured by Moon than its normal shape. Whereas Sun will appear as ring in few places in southern India.   


Importance of 26 Dec 2019 – Maximum Obscuration in 10 Years past/future: In the next 10 years (2019-2029)  though there are many solar eclipses occur across the world only 4-5 Solar Eclipses (2019,2020,2022,2027, 2028) are visible from India. And 26 Dec comes with maximum Obscuration of Sun for many places in India. The last major eclipse with a similar feel was in 2009 Jul & 2010 Jan. Though next opportunity to observe Solar Eclipse is in June 2020 it is incomparable to 26 Dec 2019 with just 50% obscuration. All in all what one feels on 26 Dec is unforgettable for the next 10 years or to be precise till Year 2031 (61% obscuration).

Timings across world – Hyderabad & Vijayawada Capital Cities & Nellore  .:  across the world the Eclipse in Various Phases occurs between 8.00 a.m. IST (2.30 a.m. UTC) to 13.35 p.m. IST (8.05 a.m. UTC). Whereas in Hyderabad eclipse begins at 8.10 a.m.  and Ends at 11.10 a.m. Wherein  Greatest Eclipse ie. When eclipse at maximum with moon obscuring sun will occur between 9.30 a.m. with 74% of Sun obscured by Moon . In Vijayawada  Eclipse begins at 8.10 a.m. and Ends at  11.17 a.m. with 73.5% Sun obscured. Whereas in Nellore the Eclipse starts a minute before compared to Vijayawada at 8.09 a.m. and Ends at 11.17 a.m. but with better 81% of Sun covered by Moon compared to any other place in the both Telugu States.



Appearance Of Sun- Greatest/Maximum Time on 26 Dec:  At Greatest Eclipse when the eclipse is maximum people in Hyderabad or major part of both Telugu states will witness Sun in  crescent  form at 9.31 a.m. Greatest Eclipse is time when eclipse is at maximum for an observer in his location.          






11th Moon Landing Anniversary - MIP (Chandrayaan1) - No Outreach

On Suggestion of Dr. API Kalam for MIP(Chandrayaan1) on 14 Nov 2008 Indian Flag landed on Surface of Moon&Discovered water vapour in Lunar Atmosphere while descending.    
Is this any particularly reason 14 Nov (Children's Day) has been choosen to be day of MIP Moon Landing ? 
14Nov Children's day was chosen to inspire students to be future scientists as what the Late  President did. 

But how many remember this historical achievement and celebrate with talk, seminars in its true spirit.Hence our reminder since 11years now. Do we need Dr.Kalam to born again to inspire the future scientists.

Click Here to know more details of the Mission 
http://www.ournewplanets.info/2013/11/indian-flag-on-moon-on-14-nov-new-truth.html 

Planet Jupiter and Venus - Celestial Meeting on 24 Nov 2019

Watch today or tmrw or till 24Nov Planet Venus and Jupiter West in direction after Sunset for  approx 30mins. Wherein Venus sets after that but Jupiter can be obsevered for another 30mins more. 

 Above are the pics taken at 6pm .. you can see two star like objects. The one close to Horizon is Venus and the One above it is Jupiter... even Saturn is also there but too faint phone camera couldn't catch. Anyways You can still try Tomorrow evening . 

24 November 2019 Rare Celestial Encounter? 
So if you watch these two objects every day evening till 24Nov looking West after Sunset.. 

You can notice they are getting closer 👉👈 compared to prev day in our sky ...Finally on 24Nov they will be closest they can get in our sky for a event called "Venus in Conjunction with Jupiter".

What happens after 24Nov? If you continue watching every evening after 24 Nov you will notice Jupiter and Venus are moving away from each other..

6th Launch Anniversary of Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) - Mangalyaan

5 November - 6th Launch Anniversary of Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) - Mangalyaan - Year Long Prog as Part of Vikram Sarabhai Centenary Programme - Celebrations - Host Kalam Mars Observation Center - Invite us for Talk/Lecture: On 5th November 2013 at 2.38 p.m. IST PSLV C25 launched Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) into Earth's Orbit. Here are special posters (Zoom to see/read details).

In the First poster imaged by MOM the largest Volcano in the Solar System OLYMPUS MONS can be seen which is present on planet Mars. To Host Kalam Mars Observation Center or Talk/Lecture contact us www.facebook.com/planetarysocietyindia or Whatsapp 7993482012


In the Second poster PSLV C25 the launch Vehicle, Overview of MOM journey to Mars, Ships Nalanda & Yamuna Can be seen Which all were responsible for putting MOM into earth's orbit on the way to MARS.

SHIPS NALANDA & YAMUNA of Shipping Corporation of India Limited – chartered by ISRO played a significant role in the collection of data and the successful launch of the orbiter. The two Offshore vessels had sailed from Visakhapatnam on the 15th of September 2013 after installation of satellite tracking and communication equipment by ISRO, DRDO and Indian Navy. These two ships also carried scientists from ISRO, DRDO and Indian Navy personnel on board.