Transit of Venus on 6th June 2012 India

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On June 6, a rare celestial event called a transit of Venus will take place, and it won't be repeated in anyone’s lifetime. During the transit, Venus will pass directly in front of the sun from Earth's perspective, appearing as a small, slowly moving black dot. 
Observation Venues in Various Districts Organised in association with Govt  List of Free Observation Venues in Andhra Pradesh. 

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About Planet Venus:
Since ancient time it grabbed attention of observers. It was regarded as Morning Star or Evening Star until Pythagoras proved it otherwise. It has reference in various mythological Stories like in Hindu Mythology it is regarded as Shukra. In Roman Mythology it’s the Goddess of Love & Romance.

Timings of Transit: Astronomically speaking Transit begins at 3.39 a.m. and Ends at 10.19 a.m. In Andhra Pradesh and many states across India Sun will rise around 5.42 a.m. Hence people can see this Transit from 5.42 a.m. to 10.19 a.m

In the History:
In approximately 5000 years of human history Venus Transit is said to occur for 53 times. Whereas records of observation are available only for Six such Transits. i.e. There have been 53 transits of Venus across the Sun between 2000 B.C and 2004 A.D. History says that Jeremiah Horrocks was the first human to ever witness a transit by Venus in 1639.

So Transit on 6 June would be 7th Transit Venus in recorded history of Humankind.

The last time Transit of Venus occurred was in June 8 2004. Whereas before that it was observed in 1639, 1761, 1769, 1874, 1882

Our state in history: In 1874 Ankitham Venkata Narasinga Rao observed Transit of Venus with his European Friends and filed his observation report with Royal Astronomical Society London.

1.       Celestial event of Transit of Venus on 6th June, 2012 is last opportunity for anyone alive to witness.
2.       This one of the best opportunity in next seven years till 2016/2019 to use Solar Filter for observation of event involving Sun. (See explanation notes)
3.       Transit of Venus was strengthening the Helio Centric Model of Solar System against Geocentric system.
4.       Using “Parallax” method during Transit of Venus the distance between Earth and Sun was estimated which is very close to modern day numbers.

World Environment Day – Message from Venus: greater quantity of green house gases in Venus atmosphere like Carbon Dioxide trap Sun’s heat and makes temperature to be around 460 Celsius unlike earth. On Earth because of uncontrolled human uses Carbon Dioxide of Other green house gases levels are increasing gradually resulting to Global Warming leading to climate change. In simple words we are making another Venus (inhospitable) of earth with life. Hence “Don’t Make Another Venus” is message.

Venus in Literature & Art:  William Shakespeare eminent English poet and playwright widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist wrote a novel “VENUS AND ADONIS”.

Italian Artist Sandro Botticelli  work  “The Birth of Venus (in Italian: Nascita di Venere) of 1486 painting depicts the goddess Venus, having emerged from the sea as a fully grown woman, arriving at the sea-shore. This painting is regarded as one of the treasures of art.

Modern Observation – Exploration:  Mariner 2 in 1962 was first successful mission launched to study Venus. It was followed by Pioneer Venus Orbiter in 1978 and studied Venus for 13 years. Whereas Veneer 13 a Russian mission landed on the Surface of Venus and send images from Surface.

Why it is lifetime opportunity? Can we see it directly? The last time this happened was in June 2004, but the next one won’t take place until December 2117. This is the last chance for anyone alive today to see the rare celestial sight. This celestial event should be seen using safe methods like using Solar Filter or indirect projection methods.

Is it visible in India?
Unlike a total eclipse of the sun, which is visible only within a long narrow track traced by the moon’s shadow, during the 2012 transit of Venus the entire hemisphere of Earth facing the sun will get to see at least part of the planet’s solar crossing.

Last chance to see Important Celestial Event involving Sun – using Solar Filters: the next major celestial event involving Sun i.e. during solar eclipse will occur after Four years on 9th March 2016 (Eclipse begins before sunrise and lasts up to 6.47 a.m.) i.e. for 10-15 minutes only. Position of Sun near to horizon in the sky and duration of visibility makes year 2016 Eclipse difficult to see or appreciate using Solar Filters.

 On other hand best opportunity to see a Solar Eclipse occurs in year 2019 on 26th December (between 8-11 a.m.). . Hence person, who misses to see the Transit of Venus on 6th June, 2012 would need to wait for 7 years to appreciate a Solar Eclipse using Solar Filters.