First Eclipse among Five Eclipses (3 Solar & 2 Lunar) of year 2018 will occur on 31st January 2018. This eclipse is a Total Lunar Eclipse and Visible from India. Across the world this Eclipse will be visible in the region covering North America except eastern part, Oceania, Russia, Asia, Middle East, northern Scandanavia and eastern Europe. This Eclipse is visible from entire India. Wherein after Year 2011 i.e. after 7 Years it is first time that ENTIRE COUNTRY will witness “TOTALITY PHASE” (when Moon Disk completely hidden in Earth Shadow). Unlike previous year only few places in India saw Totality phase.
The next visible Eclipse which will occur is on 27th July 2018 which is a Total Lunar Eclipse and visible from Entire India in its all phases. Whereas the last time Lunar Eclipse visible in India occurred on 7th Aug 2017 which however was Partial Lunar Eclipse.
Gist of Eclipses in Year 2018: Total Lunar Eclipse (31st Jan 2018) , Partial Solar Eclipse (16 February 2018), Partial Solar Eclipse (13 July 2018), Total Lunar Eclipse (on 27th July 2018) , Partial Solar Eclipse (on 11 Aug, 2018).
Timings of Eclipse in Indian standard Time & Date: Eclipse in various phases begins at 4.19 p.m. on 31st Jan 2018 and Ends at 9.40 p.m. The noticeable Umbral phase begins at 5.18p.m. and Ends at 8.42 p.m. Whereas from 6.21 p.m. to 7.38 p.m. the totality phase (Moon completely hidden in Earth Shadow) occurs.
In other words: Though astronomically speaking Eclipse begins at 4.19 p.m. with moon entering lighter Shadow of Earth. People can noticeably witness darkening (or leaving) of Moon’s disk by Earth Shadow between 5.18 p.m. to 8.41 p.m. However most of India Moon rises around 6pm when Eclipse already begin.
Whereas places in north eastern States like Agartala, Aijawl, Cooch Bihar, Darjeeling, Dibrugarh, Gangtok, Guwahati, Imphal, Itanagar, Kohima, Kolkatta, Mushidabad, Shilong, Silchar, Silguri and Port Blair appreciate all visible phases (i.e. Beginning of Umbral) of the eclipse as for them Moon rises before 5.18 p.m. For rest of country will miss beginning of umbral phase as Moon rises late.
Once in a “Blue Moon” : Further the full moon on 31 Jan is a Second Full Moon in January. Hence it is referred to as Blue Moon. However all this doesn’t make Moon appear blue (for additional info please next page reg. Blue Moon).
Super Moon – Eclipse: the Moon visible on 31 Jan will be 14% Bigger and 30% Brighter. because though Full Moon occur every month. It doesn’t always happen on the day when moon close to earth. Whereas on 30th Jan 2018 Moon will reach closest point to Earth called “Perigee” during course of its journey around Earth. And So full moon occurring on 31 Jan when moon still close to earth makes it “Supermoon” .
Kalam Observation Center : Considering various celestial events & Chandryaan II launch PSI invites schools to host “Kalam Observation Center” for observation & outreach activities. www.ournewplanets.info for details